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M1867 Russian Krnka

The design of the rifle

Other Pictures:
Obr.1867 Krnka Infantry Rifle

The M1867 Russian Krnka
(Винтовка Крнка́) was a breech loading conversion of the muzzle-loading Model 1857 Six Line rifle musket designed by Czech arms maker, Sylvester Krnka. It was adopted by the Russian Empire in 1869, and was similar to the contemporary Snider-Enfield and Tabatiere conversions. Conversions were carried out at the Tula armory (TOZ).

Two main versions were produced: infantry and cavalry rifles. Shortly after its introduction to service, the M1867 was replaced by the Berdan rifle, though both weapons would serve simultaneously for a time. The rifles were issued to conscripts and police forces in the Central Asian territories, like Samarkand. After being taken out of service, many were converted into cheap shotguns.

Used by
- Russian Empire
- Kingdom of Bulgaria
- Kingdom of Serbia
- Kingdom of Montenegro

- Russo-Turkish War
- Balkan Wars
- World War I

Shooting the M 1867/77 Werndl rifle Part I OBS: not at all M1867 Krnka but a similar system

Side-hinged lifting Breechblock

Tula Arsenal




4.5 / 4.9 kg / (without / with bayonet)

1300 / 1800 mm (without / with bayonet)

Magazine Capacity:
Nil - 1 shoot only

Feed system:
Manually loaded

In service dates:

Rate of fire:
9 rounds per minute

Effective range:
1200 arshins (850 m)


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