The Galil is a family of Israeli small arms designed by I. Galili and Y. Lior, produced by Israel Military Industries Ltd. The weapon system consists of a 5.56 mm line chambered for the intermediate 5.56x45mm NATO caliber with either M193 or SS109 ball ammunition and several 7.62 mm models designed for use with the 7.62x51mm NATO rifle cartridge.
The Galil’s design is based on the Soviet AK-47 assault rifle. It was selected as the winner of a competitive bid for the Israeli Army that included many other designs and was formally introduced into service in 1972. Depending on the barrel length, magazine capacity and accessories the Galil is available in the following configurations: a carbine variant known as the SAR (short assault rifle), a compact MAR (micro assault rifle) version, standard-length AR (assault rifle) and an ARM (assault rifle and machine gun) light machine gun.
The Galil series of rifles are selective-fire automatic weapons operated by a gas-driven piston system. Locking is achieved through a rotating bolt. The Galil is fed by arched, steel box magazines with a 35-round capacity (SAR and AR versions) a 50-round capacity (ARM model) and 12-round magazines for blanks used to launch rifle grenades. Early production models were supplied with barrels that had six right-hand grooves at a 305 mm twist rate (designed for use with M193 ball ammunition), recent production versions feature a 178 mm twist barrel with six right-hand grooves (used to stabilize SS109/M855 ball projectiles). The barrel has a ported flash hider used to launch rifle grenades and a bayonet lug attachment point. The stamped sheet metal fire selector lever is simultaneously the manual safety and ensures the weapon is not discharged accidentally. The Galil also includes a selector switch on the receiver`s left side, intended to be manipulated by the thumb of the firing hand.
The weapon is issued with a metal side-folding (folds to the right) skeleton stock and a flip-up peep-style sight with two apertures set for firing at 0-300 m and 300-500 m. Nighttime use is enhanced with the addition of luminous dots to the front post and rear sight. Certain variants have a receiver-mounted adapter that`s used to mount optical sights. The rifle can also be used with a sound suppressor.
Former IMI, Now IWI: Israel Weapon Industries, P.O Box 63 Ramat Hashron 47100 Israel, Phone: 972-3-7606000 Fax: 972-3-7606001 E-mail: email@example.com Also Bernadelli, Indumil and Ka Pa Sa State Factories
Gas-operated, rotating bolt
3.75 Kg (8.26 Lbs)
(stock closed/open): 614/850 mm (24.17/33.46 in)
332 mm (13.07 in)
6 grooves, rh 1:178 mm (1:7 in) twist
35, 50 Rounds
detachable box magazines
Flip-up rear aperture, hooded foresight
Rate of fire:
300 Meter (328 yd)
900 m/s (2952 Fps)