Lahti L-35 / Husqvarna M/40
Lahti M-35 - Finnish military model
Husqvarna M/40 - Swedish military model (simplified L-35, manufactured under license)
Husqvarna M/40 - major parts
The L-35 pistol had been developed by the Finnish designer Aimo Lahti and manufactured by Finnish company VKT from 1935 until 1985 or so. It was adopted as a standard sidearm for Finnish army in 1935. In 1940, Sweden purchased a license for Lahti pistol, simplified it and began production as a Husqvarna M/40 pistol. Due to simplification and poor quality of steel used in M/40, these guns tended to crack when fired 9mm "submachinegun" ammunition, and also M/40 were less reliable than original L-35s, so in the 1980s almost all M/40s were recalled from military service and replaced by older m/07 pistol (licensed Browning M1903 pistols) as an emergency feature. Later, Sweden forces adopted the Glock 17 as a standard service sidearm.
Thechically, L-35 is a recoil operted, locked breech pistol. It uses short recoiling barrel with barrel extension of rectangular cross-shape. Inside that extension the bolt is located, also of squared cross-section. Bolt and barrel extension are intrlocked by wertically movable locking lug, which is cammed out of engagement when hitting the frame after a short recoil. The L-35 is a concealed hammer fired, single action gun, that featured manual safety at the left side of the frame. On the top of the barrel extension there is a loaded chamber indicator. another intersting feature of the L-35 is a bolt accelerator, which gives to the bolt additional energy to operate in extreme cold or dirt.
The Husqvarna M/40 was diifferent from the L-35 in some respects: first, it has larger trigger guard; second, M/40 had no loaded chamber indicator; third, and most important, M/40 lacked the bolt accelerator, which lead to the decreased reliability. The backstrap of the grip of M/40 also had been cut for removable shoulder stock / holster. The M/40 pistol had been manufactured during the 1940-1946, with total of less than 100.000 pistos.
On the other hand, the original L-35 was extremely reliable and robust gun, with the only drawback of being slightly too heavy.
Husqvarna Vapenfabriks AB (sweden)
(Unloaded) 1220 g
6 Grooves, rh
In service dates:
`VKT` inside a diamond on top of the receiver and moulded into the butt plates (Finnish). `HUSQVARNA VAPENFABRIKS AB` on left side of receiver (Swedish). Serial number left side of receiver and left side of frame, all models
Manual Safety Catch at left rear of frame.
Magazine catch at the toe of butt. Remove magazine; grasp the end of the bolt and pull back to eject any round in the chamber; inspect chamber through ejection port, release bolt, pull trigger.